Fistula in ano also commonly known as bhagandar in hindi is a frustrating disease to many.
It may not be deadly but yes it can mentally traumatize due to recurrence rates and suffering.
Fistula in ano is disease of anal canal which is due to formation of pus tunnel. This tunnel will have exits like external opening on skin near anal hole and internal opening inside anal canal.
We hereby present some basic facts about Fistula in ano.
1. SURGICAL PROBLEM
Most cases of fistula in ano will eventually need surgery. Medicines such as antibiotics may decrease pus formation formation but as soon as they are stopped , the disease eventually recurs in most cases.
So ultimate path is surgical treatment in majority of cases.
2. EARLY TREATMENT
Often many people will complain about failure of treatment or disease of Fistula coming back again and again. It is found that early operation will have more successful outcomes than delayed treatment.
Once the disease grows inside and branches out, it becomes very difficult to eradicate it completely.
3. TYPE OF FISTULA
Best Type of surgery will depend on type of fistula.
Simple fistula have 95 to 98 percent complete clearance of disease after fistulotomy or fistulectomy.
Complex fistula will have 75 to 80 percent chances of getting it treated without any complications.
Fistula in ano and associated inflammation can induce cancerous changes in anal canal.
Fistula may turn into cancer and otherway is that Cancer may present in form of anal fistula.
So it is important to get Biopsy report to rule out cancer, and some other diseases like Tuberculosis.
Not everyone with fistula in ano operation will have control loss after passing motions and stools. MRI & ULTRASOUND will help identifying complex fistulas and thus doctor will tailor your treatment as per type of fistula.
We hope this article will help you find the right & best treatment for fistula in ano.